But the business group, which was also opposed to Ohio`s wind rollback law, said it remained true to its belief that an energy policy “all of the above” is right for the state, Kromer said. Research in New York State suggests that support is shifting as solar plants approach about 50 acres. Large plants that sell all their electricity on the transmission market receive less support, while plants defined as “community solar” and do not cross several plots receive a higher level of support. (c) The reimbursement applies in all cases, except in cases where all owners of land adjacent to the wind farm site waive setbacks to the wind farm in accordance with a procedure to be determined by regulation by the Committee and in which the Council determines, in a particular case, that a setback greater than the minimum is required. 2014 — The Legislature passes new wind setbacks that have stifled the development of new winds. The law, passed without a single Democratic vote, gives Ohio counties the ability to veto certain projects or block renewable energy development altogether. Renewable energy developers must also turn to the Ohio Power Siting Board to give their opponents a second chance to kill projects. The OPSB requires developers of economically important wind farms to apply for and obtain a certificate of environmental and public needs prior to project development. The development rules for these wind farms are similar to existing location rules for other types of power generation facilities in Ohio. Section 4906-17 of the Ohio Administrative Code provides a detailed list of requirements for filing applications for wind power plants5 in Ohio.
The legislation does not apply to wind and solar projects approved by the state prior to its enactment. Some of the resistance to wind turbines gets a bit far-fetched. In Crawford County, Apex Clean Energy has applied to build a farm with 60 turbines that can generate up to 300 MW of energy, which could power 85,000 homes a year, according to the company. This does not stop small solar or wind farms and the “Inflation Control Act” will give farmers money to build small farming systems. This is a victory for small farmers who want to recover more money for the solar panel they install from the utility. The utility cannot take advantage of the cheap prices it pays from the 2 cents per kilowatt hour that large industrial parks like California utilities pay to remove the value of solar energy from owners or small solar producers. Now, farmers and residents need to install solar energy on their roofs and start saving money. The bill nearly halted wind energy development in Ohio. Regulators have approved only one new onshore wind project since the rollbacks were approved — Apex Clean Energy`s 298MW Emerson Creek wind farm in northern Ohio. And compared to neighboring countries, relatively few wind projects attempt to connect to the region`s power grid. Ten Ohio counties have banned large wind and solar farms, and two more are currently considering a ban.
This was made possible by Ohio`s enactment of SB 52 in the fall of 2021. Meanwhile, renewable energy advocates are working to convince individual counties of the economic benefits of wind and solar projects. According to the rules adopted by the OPSCO, an application must include a complete description of the proposed wind farm project, including the type and number of wind turbines that will be used, as well as the identification of the footprint, height and length of the blades of each wind turbine. The proponent must also provide a full description of the impact on land areas during construction and the areas required for continued operation of the project. Assessments should be conducted to determine the potential impact of noise, ice jetting, leaf shear6 and shadow flicker on surrounding properties. Plans describing how the proponent intends to address and minimize the potential impact must be submitted. In 2008, with the passage of Senate Bill 221, Ohio became the 27th state to adopt a Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS). This regulation states that by 2025, at least 12.5% of Ohio`s energy must come from renewable sources such as hydro, solar, and/or wind. At least half of this electricity must be generated in the state. Ohio currently has 5 wind turbines on an industrial scale. Four 1.8-megawatt wind turbines were installed in 2003 near the Wood County landfill west of Bowling Green. In 2007, a smaller 225-kilowatt turbine was installed at the Great Lakes Science Center in Cleveland.
Currently, all renewable energy sources combined provide about 1% of Ohio`s total energy generation, and hydropower is the dominant source. Advances in wind technology combined with state and federal guidelines have positioned Ohio as a realistic option for wind turbine development. It is important that community leaders and residents are aware of the permitting process and who is responsible for licensing wind projects in Ohio. The process of approving and implementing a wind farm is very detailed and sometimes controversial. As required by the OPSB accreditation process, proponents must consider a number of issues when determining the location of wind turbines and the overall design of a wind project. During the review, the OPSB encourages residents to contribute to the site search process by attending public information sessions, testifying publicly and providing written comments. Designing and developing a large-scale wind project can be a lengthy process, often taking three to five years. Meanwhile, fostering local awareness by organizing educational programs, facilitating local participation, communicating with proponents and providing feedback to residents can lead to a better understanding of the project, which is an essential element in minimizing community conflict. While the scandalous H.B.
6 in 2019 effectively ended Ohio`s clean energy standards and subsidized nuclear and coal plants, these are two lesser-known policies that weigh the most on wind and solar companies. AEP rejected the bill in its original draft, warning lawmakers that moving away from the current statewide localization approach “would bring massive uncertainty to the power generation industry and put Ohio at a disadvantage when it comes to attracting capital investment to the state.” The effects of S.B. 52 will only be immediately visible in a few years. The law will not come into force until October. Even then, solar projects that have been allowed to be sued under existing location laws will continue to be developed. • The new legislation would apply to all applications for a certificate or substantial amendment to an existing certificate for an economically significant wind farm or a large wind farm that is not accepted by the OPSB within 30 days of the coming into force of the law. The Ohio Wind Retreat Act requires at least 1,125 feet from the top of the horizontal blade closest to the wind turbine to the nearest adjacent property line. In contrast, the Ohio Department of Natural Resources requires new oil and natural gas wells and production facilities to be at least 100 feet from homes. At least 10 Ohio counties passed resolutions last year blocking the development of new wind and solar projects in all or part of their jurisdictions.
This fact sheet summarizes the application process and certification requirements for site permits and setbacks for large wind farms in Ohio. It is intended for community residents and elected leaders to raise awareness of the permitting process in order to make informed decisions when approached by wind developers. It also aims to identify concerns frequently expressed by affected municipalities and how the permitting process addresses those concerns. S.B. 52 generates conflicting opinions on property rights and renewable energy. It would give counties and municipalities a voice in site selection and approval of major wind and solar projects, allowing a municipality to go so far as to reject installation applications and prohibit installations in designated regulated areas of the county. Supporters of the law say a new local authority would allow residents to protect their individual property rights as well as the fate of the community. On the other hand, opponents argue that the law interferes with the property rights of those who want to lease their land for solar and wind development, and unfairly subjects renewables to stricter controls than other energy projects. 2. In addition, the rules prescribe appropriate requirements for wind turbines and associated installations of an economically important wind farm, including, but not limited to, their location, construction, construction, reconstruction, modification, maintenance, removal, use or extension, including erosion control, aesthetics, recreational land use, wildlife protection, interconnection with power lines and regional transport organizations.
independent transmission system operators or similar organisations, ice blasting, sound and sound levels, shovel shearing, shadow flickering, decommissioning and cooperation necessary for on-site visits and legislative enforcement investigations. Environmentalists opposed Senate Bill 52, which gave counties new power, arguing that it was possible to create more community contributions to energy site selection without completely throttling wind and solar power. (A) No person shall commence construction of an economically important wind farm in that State without first obtaining a certificate from the Energy Location Committee.